Grassland

Grassland

Kieron Huston

Where wildflowers grow

Grassland is an ancient habitat. 12,000 years ago, mossy vegetation and weedy plants grew on bare ground. Gradually they developed into areas of grasses, sedges and herbs as more plants found a home. Today, due to farming and building, grassland is being lost. Sadly, because of this, the animals that live there are declining. This includes butterflies, curlews and lapwings.

ringlet

Ringlet butterfly by Ross Hoddinott/2020VISION

Did you know

The types of plant that you find in a grassland will indicate the kind of soil there is there. Some of the best grasslands are in areas of chalk and limestone. A single square metre of chalk grassland can have more than 30 kinds of wildflower growing in it! 

Wildlife to look out for

Birds and mammals

Grassland offers the perfect habitat for the prey of birds, such as kestrel and barn owl. This is because many small mammals such as field voles also live in grasslands - some of whom offer a tasty snack to a kestrel!

Find out about birds of preyDownload the meadow wildlife spotter guide

Minibeasts

Grasslands are an important habitat for minibeasts. Many butterflies can be seen fluttering in meadows.You might also find grasshoppers, crickets and spiders.

Download the butterfly spotter sheet

Plants

Grasslands are rich in flowers. You might see daisies, buttercups, clover or even orchids.

Find out about types of grassDownload the orchid spotter sheet

Other habitats