Why are wetlands important?
Water and wildlife go together and many of our best areas for wildlife are freshwater wetlands. Huge flocks of birds migrate to the UK’s wetlands in autumn and winter!
Wetlands have rich soil, great for growing crops in. As a result sadly many wetlands have been drained to create land for farming. This is a problem as wetlands are very important.
- Wetlands store water and therefore help prevent flooding and droughts
- Peatlands, a type of wetland, can store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This slows climate change
- Reedbeds naturally clean up polluted water
Did you know?
Wetlands range from small ponds and tiny streams to long rivers like the Severn and huge wetlands like the Norfolk Broads.
Wildlife to look out for!
Freshwater wetlands are an incredible habitat for birds. If you're a bird-watcher, this is the place to go! Some of the birds you can expect to see in this habitat are mallards, mute swans, tufted ducks, shovelers, kingfishers, moorhens, coots and much more!!
So many species of fish are found in freshwater, as you can imagine! They include brown trout, eel, stickleback, minnow, pike, perch and many more.