Why are wetlands important?
Water and wildlife go together and many of our best areas for wildlife are freshwater wetlands. Huge flocks of birds migrate to the UK’s wetlands in autumn and winter!
Wetlands have rich soil, great for growing crops in. As a result sadly many wetlands have been drained to create land for farming. This is a problem as wetlands are very important.
- Wetlands store water and can help prevent flooding and droughts
- Peatlands, a type of wetland, can store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This helps us to fight against climate change
- Reedbeds naturally clean up polluted water.
Did you know?
Wetlands range from small ponds and tiny streams to long rivers like the Severn and huge wetlands like the Norfolk Broads.
Wildlife to look out for!
Freshwater wetlands are an incredible habitat for birds. If you're a birdwatcher, this is the place to go! Some of the birds you can expect to see are ducks like mallards, tufted ducks and shovelers, as well as mute swans, kingfishers, moorhens, coots and much more!!
So many species of fish are found in freshwater, as you can imagine! Look out for brown trout, eel, stickleback, minnow, pike, perch and many more.