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Scientific name: Sambucus nigra
Elder is an opportunistic shrub of woods, hedges, scrub, waste and cultivated ground. Its flowers and berries are edible, but it's best to gather wild food with an expert - try it at a Wildlife Trust event.

Top facts


Height: up to 10m

Conservation status


When to see

January to December


Elder is a shrub of woodland edges, hedgerows and grassland scrub, but can also be found on waste ground, in cemeteries and even on rubbish tips. It prefers rich, fertilised soils, so is a common sight in urban areas and on cultivated ground. Despite its reputation as a bad-smelling, opportunistic 'weed', elder is regularly used as food - the autumn berries and spring flowers can both be eaten (the latter sometimes battered and fried), and the blossom can be used to make the popular elderflower cordial.

What to look for

Elder has strong-smelling, compound leaves; each leaf is divided into five to seven leaflets. It displays white umbels (umbrella-like clusters) of flowers in summer, and glossy, black-purple berries in autumn.

Where to find


Did you know?

Elder was once renowned for its magical properties - if you burned it, it was thought that the Devil would appear, but if you kept it by the house, you could keep him at bay. It's also known as the 'Judas tree' because legend has it that the traitor Judas Iscariot hanged himself from an elder bush.