Basking shark

Basking shark ©Alex Mustard/2020VISION

Basking shark

Basking shark ©Alex Mustard/2020VISION

Basking shark

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Scientific name: Cetorhinus maximus
This gentle giant is the largest shark in UK seas, reaching up to 11m in length. There's no need to fear them though, they only eat plankton!

Top facts

Stats

Length: up to 12m
Weight: up to 6 tonnes
Average Lifespan: unknown, thought to be around 50 years

Conservation status

The North East Atlantic population are classed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. They are listed under CITES Appendix II and classified as a Priority Species under the UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework. Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act.

When to see

May to September

About

The basking shark is the second largest fish in our oceans - its relative the whale shark being the biggest. Despite their size, basking sharks only feed on zooplankton which they filter out of the water, swimming slowly back and forth with their enormous mouths wide open. They are most commonly seen in the summer, when they arrive in British waters. Courtship behaviour has been seen off the Isle of Man - so perhaps they arrive here to breed! For your best chance of spotting them, visit Cornwall, the Isle of Man and the Inner Hebrides. They can be seen from cliffs, but your best chance is to take a boat trip with a reputable wildlife watching company.

What to look for

The large, black, triangular dorsal fin moves slowly through the water, with the tail tip and bulbous snout often visible above the waves too. The basking shark has a massive, grey body and swims with its cavernous mouth agape.

Where to find

Found all around our coasts, but most frequently sited around the south-west of England, Wales, Isle of Man and west coast of Scotland.

Did you know?

The basking shark may be huge but we still know very little about this elusive giant. Satellite tracking has shown that they can migrate long distances in the winter, with some showing up off the Azores and even Newfoundland. However, some fishermen have reported seeing them in midwinter in the UK and they sometimes wash up dead in the winter after storms.

The Wildlife Trusts are working with fishermen, researchers, politicians and local people towards a vision of 'Living Seas', where marine wildlife thrives.